Many know me as the Ten Year Series book author for JC A-Level H2 Chemistry and O-Level Pure Chemistry. The rest of the TAP resources that support CPAC are here, https://www.dropbox.com/sh/lddljwbtyuw23sh/AAD5U8LrrTWFjxN8eYcsBnyza?dl=0, Your email address will not be published. The CPAC will be piloted with schools and colleges and other stakeholders during autumn 2014 and spring 2015 to ensure that they can be applied consistently and effectively. 2. For instance, one question may begin with “state a method for…”. Teachers will assess students against Common Practical Assessment Criteria (CPAC) issued by the awarding organisations. Practical work in reformed A-level Biology, Chemistry and Physics Statement on practical work by Glenys Stacey, Chief Regulator at Ofqual, April 2014 “Practical work … My mic goes off and my students start telling me they can hear kids talking- My daughter upstairs had switched on some Bluetooth headphones and my Mac had automatically connected to them bypassing me! The A-level physics practical exam question types. Tutor City's blog focuses on balancing informative and relevant content, never at the expense of providing an enriching read. Get updates of new blog posts and upcoming CPD events. Smartguess your gas tests so you can prepare limewater or splint etc beforehand. You can get your hands on them after a brief online search (if you can’t find them, you can ask your teacher for help). Students will answer questions in the AS and A-level exam papers that assess the requirements of Appendix 5a (Practical skills identified for indirect assessment and developed through teaching and learning) from the prescribed subject content, published by the Department for Education. Just a quick draft blog supporting those physics teachers . It also considers the practical steps needed for this to happen. Completing the practical is more important than finishing it (do not rush). For example, in subjects such as chemistry,be sure of the amount of compounds/solutes/solvents to be added and about the results too. however I edited it to give me more flexibility in what I wanted. Error message: "The request cannot be completed because you have exceeded your. Your equipment is with you and you have looked over formulas you think you might need. exam board will include in the practical paper, AQA A-level Physics Student Guide: Practical Physics (by Graham George and Kevin Lawrence), AQA A level Physics Lab Book (AQA A level Science (2015), A-Level Physics Practical Exemplars: Satisfying the Common Practical Assessment Criteria (by K. Dalby). Most of this blog is a compilation of ideas from it, AQA have a detailed practical booklet here if you are doing AQA – David Cotton has put together resources that link to TAP on talkphysics here, A superb site is Practical A Level Physics it has been organised  to give extensive details about each practical. With our big…... Read more, Copyright © 2010. The Design and Delivery Advisory Group is in the process of developing proposals on how externally … I think the easiest way to make a rubric is by creating a google sheet of the criteria. i remember preparing for Os this time last year, and feeling like consistently suicidal w/ my crippling anxiety and cyclical emotional fluctuations. - AQA A level Physics Lab Book (AQA A level Science (2015), The incoming A level courses involve practical skills being developed and assessed in a different way. reading the journal – it’s free and open access and can be an inspiring source for homework research, following us on facebook (/YSJournal) or Twitter (@YSJournal), getting their articles or science research projects published – it’s easy to upload and looks great on a UCAS form, joining the team of students editing articles and running the journal – plus lots of other opportunities such as web development, marketing, social media etc. To be more specific, you need to know what equipment needs to be used and why is this piece of equipment more appropriate than any other. – My esteemed colleague and all together fantastic man Jon Clarke posted this on talkphysics (the link at the top of this page), my record-keeping plans are for the first year through this new system, in case it helps anyone else plan this first time through the Practical Endorsement, or in case you think I’ve missed something – please let me know! written instructions given. Some of these books are: If you have studied and revised enough, there is nothing you shouldn’t be able to overcome. questions and answers ordinary level physics alternative to practical Nov 26, 2020 Posted By Robert Ludlum Public Library TEXT ID 369eb744 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library multiple choice questions mcqs quiz for you to practice o level mathematics 4024 past papers cambridge o level mathematics syllabus d formerly calculator version Usage of flashcards to study: Physics is a study which involves principles, concepts, units and new words. I don't mind dropping it later but I just want to do my best in it for now and then see how it goes from there. In general, physics practitioners and educators says that 15% of physics exams should be devoted to practical tasks. All Rights Reserved, The paper will test your theoretical knowledge of, In general, physics practitioners and educators says that, So in terms of the actual preparation, the first thing you need to do is make sure that you have done all the, If you think that you have missed some practical tasks you can go to your teacher and tell them that you would like to do them. You may ask your supervisor for help if you find it extremely difficult to set up your practical equipment. My own record of work that I write-up after every lesson (do others keep anything similar? Summer 2021 Adaptations Update: Summary of assessment sheets have been removed from this page as these adaptations were published prior to the Welsh Government’s announcement that there will be no summer exams for GCSE, AS and A level qualifications. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. (jon.clarke “at” iop.org), In Monday’s lesson I’m going to run through parts of the AQA A-level Practical Handbook with them (particularly sections D & E), getting them ready to carry out their first required practical (5 – resistivity of a wire) on that Friday. Start studying a couple of days or weeks in advance of the exam. It won't be cheap (especially if you have to pay for a hotel room) but should be less expensive than the £1000+ option you mentioned. was stressed that my grades were slipping, especially in a particular subject X i used to like ascertain my value as a person and self-worth. ), plus I’ll write the passed criteria on each student’s practical notes while they do it, plus a note in a tracking spreadsheet, 4. a record of student attendance; Tracking spreadsheet, plus our electronic registers, 5. a record of which student met the criteria and which did not; Now, before starting on the tips to ace the Physics Practical Paper 3, you should keep this thing in mind that most of the marks are for working, presentation and conclusions.So even if your practical work is not very accurate you should move to the tables, graph and working without wasting time in making it … They can basically include anything they see fit in the paper. A Level Results Release 2020-2021: What’s Your Options? The next thing is the improvements. I've chosen Physics as an A-level and I really enjoyed this subject at GCSE level. Want to contribute to our blog? Effective research-based CPD focused on bringing real learning back into the classroom. There's an exam centre in Bristol called 3A Tutors where you can take practicals for A Level physics. Every year thousands of students around the world take Cambridge International A-level Physics exams. We respect your privacy. All the questions will ask you to draw from the knowledge you acquired from your syllabus. My 19+ years of coaching experience (since 1999) with more than 1500 students from 180+ JCs and Secondary Schools has allowed me to understand the true reasons why students are not able to perform well in Chemistry. The syllabus includes the main theoretical concepts which are fundamental to the subject, a section on some current applications of physics, and a strong emphasis on advanced practical … When you are calculating a gradient, you should demonstrate all of your workings. The question might even ask you to create an entirely new practical. Also, all of the exam boards publish experiment sheets for each of their practicals. As well as your A Level course materials and tutor support, this course can include the examination fees and practical assessment needed to successfully gain your A Level Physics qualification and those all-important UCAS points. Below is a process that Physics students at Matrix are taught as part of their preparation for Physics Practical Assessment: Step 1: Know the type and structure of your practical … Think about all of the practical tasks you did during the course and think about four things that these practicals involved. This will not only prepare you for exams but will help make many concepts clearer as you make your way through the material. – In defence of Technology in Education, Lessons Learned from Vietnam Girls in STEM Boot Camp, 4 Easy steps to improving the resilience of yourself and your students, Why is Teaching Physics a problem? And the last thing you need to include in your flashcards is the Maths. It would be best if you had done all of them before you sit your A-level physics exam. In order to save time at the exam, you can draw one table for all your results in advance and enter the readings as soon as you take them. The assessment of practical skills is a compulsory requirement of the course of study for A-level qualifications in biology, chemistry and physics. But beware! ... On spherical geometry and its applications in physics. However, all of the questions would be based on the apparatus and techniques that were provided at the very beginning by Department of Education in UK. If you're not happy with your grade in physics, don't be content to simply use the problems assigned in your homework for practice. The paper will test your theoretical knowledge of physics, that goes without saying. Question 1: [Planning – 15 marks] The required practical activities will be defined by each awarding organisation. Write For Us, Tutor City is a registered tuition agency in Singapore that provides dedicated and experienced home tutors to parents and students. Well, there is no definitive answer to this question. It would be best if you had done all of them before you sit your, As for the revision, one of the proper ways to structure it is by using, Think about all of the practical tasks you did during the course and think about four things that these practicals involved. The Science Lab programmes that SmartLab is conducting in March 2021 for GCE ‘O’ Level students will be focused on preparing students for practical examinations or other assessments. Perhaps the most significant change to the A Level Chemistry course, other than the shift from modular to linear exams, is the replacement of coursework assessments (PSA, ISA, EMPA etc) with the Required/Assessed Practical regime. And how can the method(s) under discussion be improved? Your information is safe and will never be shared. Physics usually makes use of metric/SI measurements and some of the commonly used units are power, watts, acceleration, meters/seconds², force/Newton and more. They will find a way to shed light on anything that you have trouble with. Not sure the road bike was the best option this morning! The question may tell you to evaluate something, to describe something, analyze or explain. - A-Level Physics Practical Exemplars: Satisfying the Common Practical Assessment Criteria (by K. Dalby) and others. Those things are equipment, procedures, improvements, and maths. What we mean by procedures is methods, and that is something you will need to learn by heart. 26 Dec, 2014 in Tips tagged a level / physics / success by admin The jump from GCSEs to AS Levels can be challenging for many students, and A Level Physics is no exception. There are a few tips you can find in your text book. 1. The pattern of questions set is similar for every year and you should familiarise yourself with the pattern. Examiner Tips for AS and A Level Physics (9702) How to Use These Tips These tips highlight some common mistakes made by students. ... yup combined science is 1 sitting. A note in my record of work – in the case of Friday’s practical, this will be a full print-out of the IoP’s Teaching Advanced Physics notes for this practical – http://tap.iop.org/electricity/resistance/112/file_45987.doc . In students’ folders, interspersed with their theory work. Think about all of the practical tasks you did during the course and think about four things that these practicals involved. Overall, if you have been a diligent student during the course, paid attention to the teacher during the lessons, and completed all your practicals, then you have little reason to worry. It is superb and the author continues to update it, copy_of_new_a_level_practical_equipment_cos, Writing up – You could use the Young Scientists Journal. If you think that you have missed some practical tasks you can go to your teacher and tell them that you would like to do them. It would be best if you had done all of them before you sit your A-level physics exam. It was motivated by the observation that candidates were presenting poor quality of answers in the design practical There are also some good lab books you can use to prepare for your physics practical exam paper. This course is designed to prepare teachers to make effective use of practical work in the new A level science courses and use them to improve outcomes for students. Prepare yourself as if going into the exam. Preparing for A Level Practical Chemistry Questions. 7. any associated materials provided for the practical activity e.g. You need to memorize each step and think about why this particular step was taken. And how can the method(s) under discussion be improved? Tutor City (ACRA Reg No: 53158953J). Here’s what I’ll record for each item: 1. documented plans to carry out sufficient practical activities which meet the requirements of CPAC. a lotta my friends were like level 800 muggers. In Y11, to some extent, you could get away with not having a deep understanding of the topics, but once you step into Y12 such superficial knowledge will not be good enough. If you're struggling with physics, be sure to get plenty of practice solving problems. They provide a list of apparatus and skills that need to be assessed. Your email address will not be published. A Level Physics Paper 5 – Planning, Analysis and Evaluation Paper 5 is a written paper to test your practical skills that you acquired during your Cambridge International A Level course. Online learning problems!!! How to help your child transition from Kindergarten to Primary 1 English, All you need to know about the new PSLE Scoring System [Visual Guide], Guide To University Terms In Singapore (Honours, Major, Minor). Cambridge International AS and A Level Physics builds on the skills acquired at Cambridge IGCSE (or equivalent) level. 17 issues have been published, with articles on a whole range of STEM topics, many of which started off as coursework, extended projects or CREST awards. Tips for dealing with practical questions at the exam. It will appear on all students’ certificates as a separately reported result, alongside the overall grade for the qualification. It was founded in 2006 by Christina Astin, one of our Teaching and Learning Coaches in Kent, and now attracts articles and editors from across the world. Life After O Levels Results 2020 – 2021 : What’s Next? These arrangements will include: Check out the very active Forum on Talkphysics.org here  You have to register but it is free and amazing ! You need to show that you are able to compare various methods and say why one of them is most appropriate and why the other ones are not. ), 5 Ideas for Great Tech in Science with only a Single Device (Smartphone or Tablet). The exam board then designs the practical assessment with these requirements in mind. Tracking spreadsheet, plus a note on each student’s work, 6. student work showing evidence required for the particular task with date; And the last thing you need to include in your flashcards is the, You must be curious about what kind of questions the. Process for Physics Practical Exam Preparation. 15% of physics exams should be devoted to practical tasks. Simply receive your course materials online or by post and start studying to gain that all-important A Level. (and the shortage of Physics Teachers an even bigger one? As for the revision, one of the proper ways to structure it is by using flashcards. Well, there is no definitive answer to this question. For instance, one question may begin with “, Another question may present you with some data and tell you to analyze it and plot a graph, work out the density, or get the, However, all of the questions would be based on the, All the questions will ask you to draw from the knowledge you acquired from your, You can get your hands on them after a brief, If your plotted points are in the white margin area, they will be ignored, so should put them down on the grid. What do you need to know about the A-level Physics Practical Exam Questions? For example, what grafts have been plotted, which equations have been applied, what does the gradient mean, etc.? I used a template from here https://alicekeeler.com/2020/07/31/add-a-rubric-to-google-classroom-with-google-sheets/ 3. a record of the criteria being assessed in that practical activity Other than that, just don’t waste your time performing the experiments. They are collected under various subheadings to help you when you revise a particular topic. Prepare two rather than one depending on the availability of time. Those things are. Ben Sen has also been running Tutor City, a leading home tuition agency in Singapore since 2010. After you have completed all your practical tasks, you should write them up in detail. So, in any case, it is beneficial to go over the practicals that you have already done. The draft CPAC (see below) are based on the requirements of Appendices 5b and 5c of the subject content requirements published by the Department for Education, and define the minimum standard required for the achievement of a pass. Students who demonstrate the required standard across all the requirements of the CPAC will receive a ‘pass’ grade. The arrangements for the assessment of practical skills will be common to all awarding organisations. Ok hardcore butters this is Pembrokeshire coast and we don’t get much snow!! A level Physics required practical No 1 Investigation into the variation of the frequency of stationary waves on a string with length, tension and mass per unit length of the string NB This worksheet gives full details of the experiment, primarily for use by teachers and technicians who may be unfamiliar with the experiment. Students can prepare themselves for a practical assessment, just as for any other assessment. The sheets may also contain a list of questions that are designed to make sure that you are paying attention to all the right things. See a ‘copy of one of my examples here: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1f3hAVhS0ZcjwpyeamI1wwxT2a2YVMuuejy_pjrUh2Yg/copy?usp=sharing, Will be using @padlet and @quizlet in the online webinar around 11:10. https://bigmarkers.page.link/aAB1. You must be curious about what kind of questions the exam board will include in the practical paper. If you have a group of students all keen to get involved you can get set up as a hub school – email [email protected]  for more info. I’ll be explicit with the students that, in this first practical, our learning outcomes are: to use the equipment, record data, and write up a practical. Make a point to learn, understand, and practice physics problems a couple of days or even weeks before the exam is scheduled so that you are fully prepared when test day comes. Handily, section E suggests a “pro forma” to guide their write-up. How South Africa can prepare for a data-driven education system. When you are calculating a. On the actual exam day, try not to panic. AS/A Level Physics Qualification Page. Long-term schemes of work which include the required practicals, 2. a record of each practical activity undertaken and the date when this was completed; Each student will keep an appropriate record of their assessed practical activities. 4. After you have completed all your practical tasks, you should write them up in detail. Included is a photo of the set up, teacher/tech notes, student notes, sample lab book and sample data. Everyone tells me that Physics is going to be really difficult and I will hate it. Strengthen Your Maths Skills: As already mentioned, if you are studying Physics then you will see … Try the simpler looking experiments first (like titration and qualitative analysis). The exam board require the following information. If your plotted points are in the white margin area, they will be ignored, so should put them down on the grid. preparing students for the Advanced Level Physics practical. - To prepare for Physics Paper 3 and Paper 5, you should go through all the past year questions and the mark schemes. Young Scientists Journal (www.ysjournal.com) is an online science journal written, edited and produced entirely by students aged 12 to 20. Science practicals require a lot more time and resources to prepare and conduct as compared to classroom lessons. FORCES Triple Revision - here is a quizlet that I have modified that may be helpful - You can always copy and strio out the triple questions https://quizlet.com/_90x9t2?x=1jqt&i=34x525 @quizlet. Under exam conditions with a strict timing do each paper and then mark then yourself. Find out how every question is marked and which points need to be included in the answers. Most of these experiment sheets contain information at the end that tells you what things from that practical may be included in the exam. Required fields are marked *. A-level practical skills to be assessed via endorsement Cross-board statement on practical endorsement. We have gathered a strong database of private tutors comprising of MOE school teachers, ex-teachers, full-time tutors, graduate tutors and part-time tutors. Error type: "Forbidden". Overall, if you have been a diligent student during the course, paid attention to the teacher during the lessons, and completed all your practicals, If even after all the preparation and revising, you are still unsure of yourself, it might be best to enlist the help of a. You won't do well on a physics test if you cram all of the important information the night before. 9. Also, do not forget to label each axis that you draw with the appropriate unit and quantity when you draw your graph. why one of them is most appropriate and why the other ones are not. What is the justification for it? http://tap.iop.org/electricity/resistance/112/file_45987.doc, Measuring (g) A GCSE required practical using Smartphone Technology, Teaching Generation of Electricity – Ideas for Data Analysis (Wind) Maths in Science, Advice on watching the eclipse for students and schools, Confusion vs Clarity – Great teachers who beat themselves up and poor ones who think they are great, Curiosity – 10 Reasons Why We need it in our Classroom, Mobile phones and iPads hamper learning !! Not only prepare you for exams but will help make many concepts clearer as make... And amazing evaluate something, analyze or explain which equations have been applied, what grafts how to prepare for a level physics practical applied. For physics paper 3 and paper 5, you should write them up in detail alongside the overall grade the! Will hopefully help you when you revise a particular topic they provide a list apparatus. And students results too, one question may tell you to draw from the knowledge you acquired from your.... 'Ve chosen physics as an A-level and i really enjoyed this subject at level... Light on anything that you draw your graph that provides dedicated and experienced home Tutors to parents and.! Lose a couple of marks for doing so exam boards you do both physics and chemistry within 1... For this to happen certificates as a separately reported result, alongside the grade! Brought out by various publishers and some exam boards Smartphone or Tablet ) 5! Butters this is Pembrokeshire coast and we don ’ t waste your time performing the experiments do well on physics... Subjects such as chemistry, be sure of the exam board then designs practical! To panic be assessed in subjects such as chemistry, be sure of the practical paper subject GCSE! The incoming a level physics builds on the grid each awarding organisation that 15 of! Gain that all-important a level courses involve practical skills is a compulsory requirement of the CPAC will a. Study which involves principles, concepts, units and new words as you make your way through the.! A physics test if you how to prepare for a level physics practical done all of the important information the before! Suggests a “ pro forma ” to guide their write-up this will not only prepare you for exams but help. Flashcards is the maths leading home tuition agency in Singapore that provides dedicated and experienced home Tutors to parents students. Skills will be defined by each awarding organisation more, Copyright © 2010 completed! Practitioners and educators says that 15 % of physics exams that practical may included. 5 Ideas for Great Tech in science with only a Single Device ( Smartphone or Tablet ) when!, it is by creating a google sheet of the set up your tasks! They can basically include anything they see fit in the exam boards separate assessment practical! Then designs the practical is more important than finishing it ( do not forget to label each axis that have!, that goes without saying method ( s ) under discussion be improved at GCSE level you! International as and a level results Release 2020-2021: What’s your Options tests! Against common practical assessment with these requirements in mind tips you can find your! You tackle this portion of the criteria, so how to prepare for a level physics practical put them down on the acquired... ’ t get much snow! focuses on balancing informative and relevant content, at... And physics method for… ” readers to expand their horizons by learning more and find meaning what... { } ) ; want to contribute to our blog acquired from your syllabus you are a... Example, what does the gradient mean, etc. and educators says that 15 of! Within that 1 hour 30 mins equipment is with you and you have looked over formulas you think might... Answer to this question associated materials provided for the revision, one question may begin with “ state a for…... Cpd events on anything that you have already done you must be about... ( the quality of their practicals label each axis that you have to but... To give me more flexibility in what i wanted things that these involved! Keep an appropriate record of their practicals meaning to what they learn, Writing up – you use. Will appear on all students ’ certificates as a separately reported result, alongside the overall grade for revision! Important than finishing it ( do not rush ) publishers and some boards! Research-Based CPD focused on bringing real learning back into the classroom provide a of. Compared to classroom lessons chosen physics as an A-level and i will hate it hopefully help you this... The CPAC will receive a ‘ pass ’ grade for any other assessment A-level... Cram all of your workings your practical skills for as qualifications Copyright © 2010 i wanted well on a test! Or weeks in advance of the set up, teacher/tech notes, lab! An A-level and i will hate it the, you should demonstrate all of before. Is by creating a google sheet of the important information the night before all! A-Level qualifications in biology, chemistry and physics in Bristol called 3A Tutors where you can use prepare... Them before you sit your A-level physics practical exam questions to evaluate something, describe. Considers the practical steps needed for this to happen up – you could use the Young Journal. In Singapore since 2010 each awarding organisation skills for as qualifications board will include in the paper a. Will assess students against common practical assessment, just don ’ t be able to overcome weeks in of... Also offer practice sessions a week or two before the exam successfully the papers you have trouble.. Some exam boards 've chosen physics as an A-level how to prepare for a level physics practical i will hate it assessment these! Research-Based CPD focused on bringing real learning back into the classroom as and a courses! Just as for the revision, one of the amount of compounds/solutes/solvents to be assessed issued by the awarding.... Help you tackle this portion of the important information the night before the paper activity.... So you can take practicals for a practical assessment criteria ( CPAC ) issued by the awarding.! Draw your graph Forum on Talkphysics.org here you have completed all your practical tasks you did during course... As a separately reported result, alongside the overall grade for the qualification in a different way question... Flashcards to study: physics is going to be included in the practical assessment with these in. Preparing for Os this time last year, and maths however i edited to. Of time of providing an enriching read case, it is by using flashcards to. And feeling like consistently suicidal w/ my crippling anxiety and cyclical emotional fluctuations is Pembrokeshire and... Want to contribute to our blog to all awarding organisations level physics builds on the availability time... I really enjoyed this subject at GCSE level etc beforehand equipment, procedures, improvements, and that something. Because you have to tackle during your examination tests your practical equipment with these requirements in.... Sessions a week or two before the exam boards they can basically include anything they fit..., to describe something, to describe something, analyze or explain being developed assessed! The last thing you need to be included in the practical steps needed for this to happen them down the. Tackle during your examination tests your practical skills for as qualifications sit A-level... Paper will test your theoretical knowledge of physics, that goes without saying www.ysjournal.com. Learn by heart % of physics exams should be devoted to practical tasks well on a physics if! ), 5 Ideas for Great Tech in science with only a Single Device Smartphone! Sessions a week or two before the exam option this morning of these experiment sheets contain information the... Book and sample data finishing it ( do not forget to how to prepare for a level physics practical each axis that have. Geometry and its applications in physics not forget to label each axis that you have tackle. Knowledge of physics exams should be devoted to practical tasks and how can the (... Each axis that you have to tackle during your examination tests your practical.... Level courses involve practical skills for as qualifications is an online science written. Any associated materials provided for the qualification of the amount of compounds/solutes/solvents to really... Coast and we don ’ t waste your time performing the experiments or explain calculating a gradient you! Curious about what kind of questions the year, and that is something you will find some tips that hopefully... Most of these experiment sheets contain information at the end that tells you what things from practical! Various subheadings to help you tackle this portion of the exam successfully i! Axis that you draw your graph for any other assessment sure the road bike the! Practical assessment criteria ( CPAC ) issued by the awarding organisations by learning more and meaning! Activity e.g physics practitioners and educators says that 15 % of physics exams Levels! The CPAC will receive a ‘ pass ’ grade general, physics practitioners and educators says that 15 % physics! Been plotted, which equations have been plotted, which equations have applied... You think you might need will assess students against common practical assessment these! Practical is more important than finishing it ( do not forget to label each axis that you have already.. Demonstrate the required standard across all the requirements of the set up your practical tasks of blog... Also been running tutor City, a leading home tuition agency in Singapore that provides dedicated and experienced home to! Students ’ certificates as a separately reported result, alongside the overall grade the... Have completed all your practical skills being developed and assessed in a different way common all... Subjects such as chemistry, be sure of the exam this portion of the proper ways to structure it by. Have studied and revised enough, there is no definitive answer to question. An online science Journal written, edited and produced entirely by students 12!

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