Acer negundo, the box elder, boxelder maple, Manitoba maple or ash-leaved maple, is a species of maple native to North America. ThoughtCo. A.K.A. IDENTIFICATION. Home > Pest Library ... Cut back trees, especially boxelder trees, from the exterior of your home. Plant your boxelder near a stream or river, if possible. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. Nix, Steve. Boxelder Tree. 1. Boxelder Tree Facts. Their fecal matter can stain your curtains or other items where they've chosen to reside. They require six hours of direct light daily and are extremely sensitive to wind and ice damage. Fix any missing or damaged roof shingles; place a tight-fitting cap on the chimney. People often turn to boxelder maple wood when making turned objects and small ornamental objects as well as wood pulp and charcoal. Twig: Green to purplish green, moderately stout, leaf scars narrow, meeting in raised points, often covered with a glaucous bloom; buds white and hairy, lateral buds appressed. Blossoms on the female trees become bright green when pollinated. Boxelder maple trees are also called Manitoba maples or ash-leaved maples. https://www.thoughtco.com/boxelder-info-and-identification-tips-1343178 The boxelder is an undesirable tree for many urban situations and in some cities, planting it may be illegal. To prevent them from entering your home, spray your home's exterior walls in late spring and the fall with a residual insecticide. When full grown, the boxelder bug is about 1/2 inch long and one-third as wide. Learn all about Boxelder (Acer negundo), a wonderful tree that is found along streams throughout the mid-Atlantic! Only Ash trees and Boxelder trees have both opposite branching and compound leaves, but the leaves on Boxelder trees usually only have 3-5 leaflets, not 5-9. Boxelder, a Common Tree in North America. It may also sprout from the roots, the root collar, or stump if girdled or top-killed by fire. It is of medium size and under favorable conditions it attains a height of 50 to 80 feet and a diameter of 24 inches. The adults are about 12.5 millimetres long with a dark brown or black colouration, relieved by red wing veins and markings on the abdomen; nymphs are bright red. Although the species is not an ideal ornamental, being "trashy," poorly formed, and short-lived, numerous ornamental cultivars of boxelder are propagated in Europe. What is a boxelder tree? Boxelder maples are prone to extreme sucker growth, and when wet, they have an unusual and foul smell. Boxelder's wide range shows that it grows under a variety of climatic conditions. One of the tallest ever … However, in urban areas, they are considered a type of weed. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/boxelder-info-and-identification-tips-1343178. Boxelder is unusual for a maple tree, featuring compound leaves that are ash-colored, thick twigs that transform from powder blue to purple-green as the season progresses and roundish buds. It was the only one on my property and there were no others within miles. It is sometimes considered a weedy or The fast-growing tree grows up to 80 ft. (25 m) and sometimes has multiple trunks. Because of its rapid growth on good soils, it has been planted frequently for shade and ornamental purposes in areas … Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. While the precise mature form and habit of an ash tree varies by species, the general characteristic is that it forms a straight, upright trunk. The undesirable characteristics are brittle, weak wood, short life, susceptibility to boxelder bug, and trunk decay. Boxelder female trees attract small, approximately ½-inch-long boxelder bugs that are either red or black and feature thin lines on their backs. These trees are also survivors, they will tolerate the poorest conditions that the urban environment can throw at them. When their wings lie flat, these stripes overlap to form what looks like a letter ‘X.’ The colour red carries through to the edges of their wings and appears in their eyes, as well. In the United States, it is found from New York to central Florida; west to southern Texas; and northwest through the Plains region to eastern Alberta, central Saskatchewan and Manitoba; and east in southern Ontario. Family: Aceraceae (maple) Click on images of Boxelder to enlarge. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 10 - 15 m (33 - 49 ft) as tree and shrub high. In contrast, the boxelder tree can be a weedy-looking shrub with many stemlike trunks or an upright tree. These fruits, often called "helicopters," feature winged seeds that are approximately 1.5 inches long and V-shaped. Boxelder, Canyon, Rocky Mountain and Norway Maple tree details. Its fibrous root system and prolific seeding habit have led to its use in erosion control in some parts of the world. Posted by: gary - Carlton County on: 2019-04-28 21:01:16. He is a member of the Society of American Foresters. In California, boxelder grows in the Central Valley along the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers, in the interior valleys of the Coast Range, and on the western slopes of the San Bernardino Mountains. ThoughtCo, Aug. 27, 2020, thoughtco.com/boxelder-info-and-identification-tips-1343178. Hardwoods. Boxelder maple seeds contain a toxin that has been associated with seasonal pasture myopathy, which will block a horse's fat metabolism and also cause the breaking down of the animal's respiratory and postural muscle cells. The leaves are imparipinnate and the flowers are yellowish. The box elder (Acer negundo) is a member of the maple family, but has some features that easily distinguish it from the typical maple. Boxelder most likely reestablishes following fire via wind-dispersed seeds but is often injured by fire. This native tree, while very cold hardy, is not widely sold due to its ability to self-seed aggressively. The tree is a hardwood and the lineal taxonomy is Magnoliopsida > Sapindales > Aceraceae > Acer negundo L. Boxelder is also commonly called ashleaf maple, boxelder maple, Manitoba maple, California boxelder, and western boxelder. Leaves and buds opposite ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 2 1. If possible, don’t plant a boxelder tree on your property. Boxelder is the most widely distributed of all the North American maples, ranging from coast to coast and from Canada to Guatemala. The wings lie flat on the bug’s back when it is at rest. Damage from wind frequently finds boxe… Further west, it is found along watercourses in the middle and southern Rocky Mountains and the Colorado Plateau. However, they're fatal to horses who eat a significant amount of their seeds. (2020, August 27). However, it is a rather short-lived tree, is quite brittle or fragile and is of little value. Boxelder prefers sites on river banks and lake sides. Its northward limits are in the extremely cold areas of the United States and Canada, and planted specimens have been reported as far north as Fort Simpson in the Canadian Northwest Territories. boxelder Aceraceae Acer negundo L. symbol: ACNE2 Leaf: Opposite, pinnately compound, 3 to 5 leaflets (sometimes 7), 2 to 4 inches long, margin coarsely serrate or somewhat lobed, shape variable but leaflets often resemble a classic maple leaf, light green above and paler below. However, the wood is easy to work with by hand and machine. It is found primarily on boxelder trees, as well as maple and ash trees. Homeowners sometimes plant them as an easy-to-grow decorative addition to their gardens, and they serve as wonderful climbing trees for young children. On old trees, the gray bark forms deep curving furrows, while the gray bark of young trees … Gia enjoys writing stories that both educate and encourage others to take a chance and try something new. Jean-Pol GRANDMONT/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0. It is a fast-growing, short-lived tree with opposite, compound leaves. https://www.hunker.com/13424394/box-elder-tree-identification Leaves opposite, pinnately compound with 3–5 leaflets arranged like a feather. You mention that this species is dioecious but I have a tree that for years never produced any seeds. 2- The red is very UV sensitive and always fades to pink/brown over time. This maple tree has a brown bark trunk and its lumber is distinctively softer, weaker and lighter than the majority of maples. 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